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Medicine Research ›› 2018, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (3): 180010-.DOI: 10.21127/yaoyimr20180010

Special Issue: Marine Drugs

• Minireview • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Symbiotic Mechanism and Chemical Signaling Molecule of Marine Sponges

Xianxian Miao,a, Wenhui Wu, a, b, c, Ming Ma, a, b, c, Bin Baoa, b, c, *   

  1. a College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;
    b Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Aquatic-Product Processing & Preservation, Shanghai 201306, China;
    c National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center for Food Science and Engineering,Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Received:2018-08-25 Revised:2018-02-08 Online:2018-11-24 Published:2018-11-24
  • Supported by:
    The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81502955), the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Shanghai Ocean University (No. A2030214300077), the Young Teachers’ Training Program of Shanghai (No. A12056160002), the Plan of Innovation Action in Shanghai (No. 14431906000), and the Project Funded by Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Marine Pharmaceutical Compound Screening.

Abstract: Sponge is the simplest type of multicellular animal, but it has a huge family. Marine sponge is a low-pitched filter animal containing many microorganisms. Therefore, the enormous diversity and abundance of sponge associated bacteria envisages sponges as hot spots of microbial diversity and dynamics. Many researchers have extracted compounds and secondary metabolites with anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-fatigue activities from sponges. However, there are few reports on the mechanism of sponges and their symbionts. This paper focuses on the interactions between sponges and bacteria, cyanobacteria, fungi, mangroves and illustrates the mechanism of their interaction. The symbiotic relationship between sponge and bacteria/cyanobacteria was analyzed from the genetic level. Sponge has always been a hot issue and will be worthy of further research.


Key words: sponges, symbiotic mechanism, chemical signaling molecule, microorganism

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