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Medicine Research ›› 2022, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (3-4): 220004-220004.DOI: 10.21127/yaoyimr20220004

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Progress in Phytochemical and Bioactivities of Areca catechu L

Zhenshuai Tanga, Jifeng Liu*,a,b   

  1. aSchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Drug Discovery and Development, Key Laboratory of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology, Ministry of Education of China, Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou, Henan 450001, China;
    bCollaborative Innovation Center of New Drug Research and Safety Evaluation, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001, China
  • Received:2022-07-20 Accepted:2022-08-26 Online:2022-12-20 Published:2023-02-24
  • Contact: Email: liujf2009y@126.com (J. L.)

Abstract: Areca catechu L is a genus of plants whose leaves and fruits can be used as folk medicine. The chemical composition of A. catechu can be divided into alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, sterols, fatty acids, etc. It has pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antidepressant, hypotensive, etc., while having toxic side effects such as oral toxicity, hepatotoxicity and addiction. This paper reviews the progress of research on chemical composition and pharmacological effects and toxic side effects of A. catechu, and provides new ideas for subsequent development of A. catechu.

Key words: Areca catechu, chemical constituent, bioactivities, progress

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